Alexandra Bousiou (2022) Peripheralisation and externalisation of the EU asylum regime: implications for the right to seek asylum on the southeastern EU border islands, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2022.2097063
Peripheralisation and externalisation of the EU asylum regime: implications for the right to seek asylum on the southeastern EU border islands
Since the increase of refugee arrivals in 2015, the longstanding trend of using islands to confine asylum seekers at the EU borders became a prominent aspect of asylum governance. By looking at the southeastern border of the EU, as it has been constructed around the five Greek islands that host the EU’s hotspot approach, I demonstrate the implications of the European governance of asylum on the individual right to seek asylum. In doing so, I argue that there is a newly introduced process of peripheralisation of asylum. Under the term peripheralisation I describe the multidimensional process of demotion or downgrading of a socio-spatial unit about other socio-spatial units, i.e. the Greek mainland and the northern EU member states. Although the externalisation of asylum, is key to understanding the impact of the right to asylum, peripheralisation provides the necessary conceptual tool to explain the new architecture of confinement inside the territory of the EU and on the southeastern border islands. The main contribution of the article is providing an understanding of how the right to asylum is also hampered within the EU through the peripheralisation of the islands and by the externalisation of Turkey.